Saturday, 6 January 2018

PHP 5.6 on CentOS/RHEL 7.4 and 6.9 via Yum

PHP 5.6 on CentOS/RHEL 7.4 and 6.9 via Yum

PHP 5.6.32 has been released on PHP.net on 26th October 2017, and is also available for CentOS/RHEL 6.9 and 7.4 at Webtatic via Yum.
Update 2015-08-22 - Webtatic now has released PHP 7 RC1 for CentOS/RHEL 6 and 7
PHP 5.6 adds new features such as:
  • constant scalar expressions
  • variadic functions
  • argument unpacking
  • exponentiation operator
  • support for large(>2GiB) file uploads
  • SSL/TLS improvements including peer verification by default
  • a new command line debugger called phpdbg
To see what else has been added, check out the Migrating from PHP 5.5.x to PHP 5.6.x.
To install, first you must add the Webtatic EL yum repository information corresponding to your CentOS/RHEL version to yum:
CentOS/RHEL 7.x:
rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
CentOS/RHEL 6.x:
rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-6.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el6/latest.rpm
Now you can install PHP 5.6’s mod_php SAPI (along with an opcode cache) by doing:
yum install php56w php56w-opcache
You can alternatively install PHP 5.6’s php-fpm SAPI (along with an opcode cache by doing:
yum install php56w-fpm php56w-opcache
See the package list below for additional SAPIs and PHP extensions.
This will install the mod_php SAPI for PHP, however there are other sapis such as php-fpm (via php56w-fpm package). Read on below for more information about the available SAPIs
If you would like to upgrade php to this version it is recommended that you first check that your system will support the upgrade, e.g. making sure any CPanel-like software can run after the upgrade.
Unless you know what you are doing, it is risky upgrading an existing system. It’s much safer to do this by provisioning a separate server to perform the upgrade as a fresh install instead.
If you know what you are doing, you can upgrade PHP by:
yum install yum-plugin-replace
yum replace php-common --replace-with=php56w-common
It will likely give you a message “WARNING: Unable to resolve all providers …“. This is normal, and you can continue by tying “y”. You will be given a chance to see what packages will be installed and removed before again being given a chance to confirm.

SAPIs

SAPIs are different runtime environments of PHP.
  • mod_php NTS
(non-thread safety) Contained in the php56w package, this SAPI integrates into Apache Httpd (2.2.* on RHEL/CentOS 6, 2.4.* on RHEL/CentOS 7). It is the standard SAPI for use with httpd prefork mpm (the default mode httpd is ran under. It is not thread-safe, but doesn’t need to be due to prefork not using threads. It’s located at /usr/lib[64]/httpd/modules/libphp7.so
  • cli
Contained in the php56w-cli package, this SAPI allows running scripts from the command-line, and also has a built-in web server for development-use. Located at /usr/bin/php
  • fpm
Contained in the php56w-fpm package, fpm (FastCGI Process Manager) is a scalable FastCGI process, which acts similar to how Httpd prefork mpm works managing it’s forks. Located at /usr/sbin/php-fpm, it is controlled using the /etc/init.d/php-fpm service script
  • phpdbg
Contained in the php56w-phpdbg package, phpdbg has the ability to debug scripts using breakpoints from the command-line, and also supports remote-debugging using an external Java client for remote communication.
  • embedded
Contained in the php56w-embedded package, this SAPI allows embedding PHP in other applications. It’s library is located at /usr/lib[64]/libphp7.so
  • cgi, fastcgi
Contained in the php56w-cli package, these SAPIs are not recommended for use, but are available where needed. They both exist in the binary at /usr/bin/php-cgi.
  • mod_php TS
(thread safety) Contained in the php56w package, this SAPI integrates into Apache Httpd (2.2.* on RHEL/CentOS 6, 2.4.* on RHEL/CentOS 7). It is the standard SAPI for use with httpd worker mpm. It’s supposed to be thread-safe, but can’t guarantee to be, and certainly not under additional PHP extensions. It’s better to use FastCGI SAPIs than this one. It’s located at /usr/lib[64]/httpd/modules/libphp7-zts.so

Packages

PackageProvides
php56wmod_php, php56w-zts
php56w-bcmath
php56w-cliphp-cgi, php-pcntl, php-readline
php56w-commonphp-api, php-bz2, php-calendar, php-ctype, php-curl, php-date, php-ereg, php-exif, php-fileinfo, php-filter, php-ftp, php-gettext, php-gmp, php-hash, php-iconv, php-json, php-libxml, php-openssl, php-pcre, php-pecl-Fileinfo, php-pecl-phar, php-pecl-zip, php-reflection, php-session, php-shmop, php-simplexml, php-sockets, php-spl, php-tokenizer, php-zend-abi, php-zip, php-zlib
php56w-dba
php56w-devel
php56w-embeddedphp-embedded-devel
php56w-enchant
php56w-fpm
php56w-gd
php56w-imap
php56w-interbasephp_database, php-firebird
php56w-intl
php56w-ldap
php56w-mbstring
php56w-mcrypt
php56w-mssql
php56w-mysqlphp-mysqli, php_database
php56w-mysqlndphp-mysqli, php_database
php56w-odbcphp-pdo_odbc, php_database
php56w-opcachephp56w-pecl-zendopcache
php56w-pdophp56w-pdo_sqlite, php56w-sqlite3
php56w-pear
php56w-pecl-apcu
php56w-pecl-gearman
php56w-pecl-geoip
php56w-pecl-imagick
php56w-pecl-memcache
php56w-pecl-memcached
php56w-pecl-mongodb
php56w-pecl-xdebug
php56w-pgsqlphp-pdo_pgsql, php_database
php56w-phpdbg
php56w-processphp-posix, php-sysvmsg, php-sysvsem, php-sysvshm
php56w-pspell
php56w-recode
php56w-snmp
php56w-soap
php56w-tidy
php56w-xmlphp-dom, php-domxml, php-wddx, php-xsl
php56w-xmlrpc

Opcode Caches

The PHP distribution now comes with an opcode cache. This is the Zend Optimizer+ opcode cache, now known as the Zend OPcache extension. This extension is optional, so does not preclude you from using an alternate one.
Due to it being included in the PHP source distribution, it will be well maintained and more suitable for use while other Opcode cache’s are being updated over the coming months.
yum install php56w-opcache

error_reporting E_ALL includes E_STRICT

As mentioned in the PHP 5.4 guide:
You may get a lot more errors coming out of your error logs if by default your error_reporting is set to E_ALL now without explicitly turning off E_STRICT. The default php.ini that comes with the PHP package turns this off by default, but if you are upgrading from an existing installation, your php.ini may not be updated, meaning this will likely be turned on.

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